Rejser til Tchad

Det enorme land Tchad har længe været et område på kortet over Afrika, som vi ikke havde sat en tegnestift i – men sådan er det ikke mere.

Tchad er en af de mest banebrydende destinationer. Det er et land, der er lige så vildt, som det er smukt, lige så utæmmet som det er yndefuld.

I Tchad kan du udforske det betagende Ennedi plateau, der ligger i det nordøstlige Tchad i Ennedi regionen Den ligger som et bolværk mod det invaderende sand i midten af Sahara. Mange vaskeægte karavaner med kameler og det hele kommer forbi her, og det gør regionen til et farverigt kludetæppe af kulturer og traditioner.

En anden uundgåelig attraktion er Tibesti Mountains. Det er en bjergkæde af slumrende vulkaner, der danner betagende klippeformationer. Med lidt held kan du få et glimt af medlemmer af den gamle nomadestamme Tubu, der sjældent ser turister og som holder til i den nordlige del af Tchad.

Tchad er et af de mindst besøgte af alle afrikanske lande, men en rejse hertil byder på en unik chance for at se et land, der næsten er helt uberørt af omverdenen.

Camping i fantastiske områder, møder med fascinerende etniske grupper og rejser gennem nogle af de mest afsidesliggende og uberørte områder i Sahara.

Dette er ikke en destination for førstegangbesøgende i Afrika, men for dem, som er parat til at udholde lidt udfordringer og som vil møde denne mageløse nation med åbent hjerte.

Grupperejse 1 ► Tchad - Tibestibjergenes toppe
Grupperejse 2 ► Tchad - Saharas sjæl

Grupperejse 1 ► Tchad - Tibestibjergenes toppe

Generel information om grupperejser i Tchad

Happy Lama Travels eksklusive grupperejser i Tchad foregår i små internationale grupper med lokal engelsktalende rejseleder. Derfor er rejsebeskrivelserne på engelsk.

En lokal rejseleder kender sit land bedre end en dansk rejseleder. Det er desuden vores erfaring at en lokal rejseleder giver dig et bedre indblik i, hvordan livet leves i Tchad.

Passer rejsedatoerne dig ikke eller vil du selv have maksimal indflydelse på dit rejseprogram – Kontakt os hvis du ønsker et tilbud på en individuel rejse i Tchad.

afrika@happylamatravel.com

Trip Summary

Chad offers opportunities for adventure on a grand scale, in a way that very few other places can match. The most remote and least visited country in the Sahara, Chad is home to dramatic landscapes and people that rarely see western visitors – an intoxicating combination. To complement our trip to the Ennedi Mountains, this longer trip visits what has long been described as the desert’s final frontier – the foreboding Tibesti Mountains, pushed up against the northern border with Libya. Out of bounds for a long time, with a little care and a lot of planning it’s now possible this stunning region. Expect a tough journey – we will be crossing vast empty spaces on our journey from the capital to the north, reaching the important town of Faya Largeau, significant for its place on the traditional routes across the desert. From here we head into the breathtaking landscapes of the Tibesti, home to volcanic peaks and some of the most isolated settlements on earth. We meet the Tubu people, a fiercely independent group and true adepts at living in such harsh conditions – exploring their settlements we see how they have managed to carve a live for themselves here. We also delve into prehistory, seeing ancient rock carvings and paintings among the stones. Crossing rocky plateaux, tackling vast fields of sand dunes and following the courses of long dried up riverbeds, the landscape here is diverse and constantly changing. With virtually no facilities outside of the capital we spend our nights camping, immersing ourselves completely in the desert experience. A groundbreaking trip for true Sahara enthusiasts.

Fitness**** | Adventure***** | Culture*** | History** | Wildlife*

Day 1 – N’Djamena

Arrive in N’Djamena and transfer to the hotel. Overnight Hotel du Chari or similar.

N’Djamena
Chad’s capital sits on the Chari River, opposite the Cameroonian town of Kousseri on the western bank. It’s a relatively recent creation, having been founded in 1900 by the French and originally named Fort Lamy after an officer who had recently been killed ‘pacifying’ the region. It’s quite a spread out city, with wide boulevards which are unfortunately now mainly devoid of the trees that they once sported, these having been chopped down to remove cover for rebel forces during the city’s turbulent past. There are few specific sights in the city, but if you’re arriving early or staying on after the tour you might want to have a wander through the central market, which is quite interesting.

Day 2 – Moussoro

From N’Djamena, Chad’s capital city, we follow a track running into the alluvial plains of Lake Chad as far as Massaguet, where we begin to follow the track towards Moussoro, in the Kanem region. The landscape, between the savannah and the sahel, is criss-crossed by numerous temporary water-courses and flood plains and is characterised by varied and luxuriant vegetation, represented by several kinds of acacias and by small forests of doum palms. Ethnic groups found here are the Kanembou, Peul, Kanouri, Kereda and Daza.

Days 3-4 – Salal - Kouba - Faya

The track follows and then skirts the depression of the Bahr el Ghazal, the gazelles’ river, an ancient river from the Paleochad period. After the small villages of Salal and Koubba Oulanga, we continue northward. The track then enters the Erg du Djourab, the main obstacle for trade between Faya and the capital. After approximately 80km of tough driving across the dunes, we reach the town of Faya Largeau, with its large palm groves. Overnight camping. (BLD)

Faya Largeau
Faya Largeau is situated on one of the routes which connected, in the past, the rich Fezzan ‘cities’ to the empires of Kanem and Bornou. It was conquered by French people at the beginning of this century. There is a deep contrast between the Saharan character of its buildings, of its colourful market and the poignant relics of the war with Libya.

Days 5-6 – Borkou

The track crosses Borkou, winding round the dunes and tidy palm-groves. We will pass villages and our track heads north crossing the wonderful region of the Kouroudi Tassili. We continue to the Emi Koussi plateau, driving around the foot of the volcano – the highest mountain in the Sahara at 3415m. Overnight camping. (BLD)

Emi Koussi and the Tibesti Mountains
The Tibesti are a group of volcanic mountains – no longer active – on Chad’s northern border with Libya. They are home to the highest peaks in the Sahara, with Emi Koussi taking the title at 3415m high. Different from the more gentle Ennedi Mountains to the south east, the Tibesti are characterised by jagged peaks and seem rather unforgiving in comparison. The Tibesti are home to numerous cave paintings dating back 3-5000 years, showing that this area has been populated for some time. This is possibly the most remote and inaccessible part of the Sahara, but is home to the Teda group of Tubu people, who live in small villages and the main towns Zouar, Bardai and Aozou. It is also rumoured that they are also home to a small population of African wild dogs.

Days 7-8 – Enneri Miski - Birni Erde

Spend these days exploring the area around Emi Koussi. We follow the course of the Enneri Miski, surrounded by tassili rock formations, where paintings and rock engravings show evidence of prehistoric civilisation. To our west we see the peaks of the majestic Tarso Tieroko. Excursions on foot allow us to learn a little more about the region. We continue to the well of Birni Erde, very important for the Teda people, who have built a small village nearby. Overnight camping. (BLD)

Days 9-10 – Yebbi Bou

Heading through the mountains our track takes us sometimes through natural gorges and at other times across stony hills. We drive towards Yebbi Bou, a typical Tubu village. Nearby a deep canyon is home to one of the prettiest palm groves in the region. Overnight camping. (BLD)

The Tubu
The Tubu live in Chad and Niger, in some of the most inhospitable parts of the Sahara desert, and on this trip we will meet many Tubu villagers and nomads. With dark skin but almost European features, their origins are rather a mystery to researchers, with the current best guess being that they descend from a mixture of Berbers and Bantu Africans. The Tubu are made up of two main groups, the Teda of the Tibesti and the Daza further south, and within that are comprised of numerous clans. There are around 200,000 Tubu today. Up until relatively recently they had had little contact with outsiders and even now are rather wary of strangers – this particularly manifests itself in an aversion to photography and we ask that you follow your tour leader’s guidelines on this to avoid any problems.

Days 11-12 – Zumri - Bardai

Skirting the gorges of Yebbigué, the track alternates between hard and rocky stretches to long routes into the green ‘enneri’ (wadis) of acacias and tamarisks; we head round the Tarso Voon and Tarso Toon, two imposing volcanic structures. In the Enneri Zoumri valley we can find some green oases, settled where the imposing sandstone gorges allow room to build and till the land.Bardai, situated at 1000m altitude on a ledge of striking mountains, is the main town of the region. This oasis is just emerging from many years of terrible war and starting to take its place once more as an important trading post – although small, it is the only one for hundreds of kilometres. Overnight camping. (BLD)

Days 13-14 – Trou au Natron

We ascend in altitude, travelling past the Oudinger Gorges until we reach a height of 2200m. At the top, the crater of Trou au Natron appears. A white surface of sodium covers the bottom of the crater and it is used as a salt pasture for the animals, accompanied there by Tubu, after a precarious descent amongst the crags. We descend on foot to the bottom, then return to meet our vehicles. Overnight camping. (BLD)

Days 15-16 – Zouar

The track that takes us to the plateau of Enneri Tao at 650m of height is difficult, but the sight on the horizon of the first dunes of the Erg of Bilma and, to the north, the view of the spires of Sissé, more than makes up for it. We head towards Zouar, home of the Dardai, the spiritual and traditional leader of Tubu families of Tibesti. After leaving Zouar we tackle the Daski plateau and arrive in a region of high rocky peaks and sand – a landscape of unforgettable beauty. Overnight camping. (BLD)

Days 17-19 – The Journey South

A spectacular journey of around 700km, in total emptiness, crossing fields of dunes and barren plains, to reach the Sahel. There are few settlements here but we will be entering the lands of the Keraida and Daza nomads, who are continually on the move in search of pasture for their livestock. Overnight camping. (BLD)

Day 20 – Mao - Mondo - Douguia

Back into a more settled landscape, passing typical African villages. We then head to Douguia, situated on the banks of the Chari River opposite Cameroon. Arriving here in the late afternoon, there should be time to shower and enjoy a cold drink while watching the sunset. Overnight Douguia Camp. (BLD)

Day 21 – N'Djamena

This morning we take a pirogue ride on the Chari River, past fishermen and small settlements – if we are lucky we may see hippopotamus, and the birdlife here is good. In the late afternoon we head back to N’Djamena and then transfer to the airport. (BL)

Please note: While every effort will be made to adhere to this itinerary, it may be necessary to make amendments depending upon the local conditions when we travel.

Grupperejse 1 ► Tchad - Tibestibjergenes toppe
Grupperejse 2 ► Tchad - Saharas sjæl

Grupperejse 2 ► Tchad - Saharas sjæl

Generel information om grupperejser i Tchad

Happy Lama Travels eksklusive grupperejser i Tchad foregår i små internationale grupper med lokal engelsktalende rejseleder. Derfor er rejsebeskrivelserne på engelsk.

En lokal rejseleder kender sit land bedre end en dansk rejseleder. Det er desuden vores erfaring at en lokal rejseleder giver dig et bedre indblik i, hvordan livet leves i Tchad.

Passer rejsedatoerne dig ikke eller vil du selv have maksimal indflydelse på dit rejseprogram – Kontakt os hvis du ønsker et tilbud på en individuel rejse i Tchad.

afrika@happylamatravel.com

Trip Summary

To put it simply, Chad is one of the most exciting countries in all of Africa, an utterly wild and untamed land brimming with opportunities for adventure. The most remote and least visited country in the Sahara, Chad is home to dramatic landscapes and people that rarely see western visitors – an intoxicating combination. Leaving the tarmac road almost as soon as we head out of the capital and driving on rough tracks past occasional villages, wells and nomad encampments, we head to the Ennedi Mountains, a region of bizarre rock formations, prehistoric rock paintings and Tubu nomads, a proud and resilient people that have carved out an existence for themselves in this unforgiving corner of the continent. We visit the awe-inspiring Guelta d’Archei – home to one of the last populations of Saharan crocodiles, which we hope to see, along with nomads bringing huge herds of camels to drink at the only permanent waterhole for miles around. We visit isolated communities making a living out of the trade in salt, and hope to encounter traditional camel caravans travelling between the few settlements here. Reaching our northernmost point at the Ounianga Lakes, fringed with palms and completely at odds with the desert around them, we return south to N’Djamena where the tour ends. The scenery throughout is diverse – the sandstone shapes of the Ennedi, never-ending dunes of the Mourdi Depression, dried up wadis – and there are good opportunities to spot wildlife as well. Nights are spent camping under the stars in some of the most striking scenery you can imagine. This is not an easy trip, and definitely not recommended for first time visitors to Africa, but for those seeking real adventure it is hard to beat.

Fitness**** | Adventure***** | Culture*** | History** | Wildlife*

Day 1 – N’Djamena

Arrive in N’Djamena and transfer to the hotel. Overnight Hotel du Chari or similar.

N’Djamena
Chad’s capital sits on the Chari River, opposite the Cameroonian town of Kousseri on the western bank. It’s a relatively recent creation, having been founded in 1900 by the French and originally named Fort Lamy after an officer who had recently been killed ‘pacifying’ the region. It’s quite a spread out city, with wide boulevards which are unfortunately now mainly devoid of the trees that they once sported, these having been chopped down to remove cover for rebel forces during the city’s turbulent past. There are few specific sights in the city, but if you’re arriving early or staying on after the tour you might want to have a wander through the central market, which is quite interesting.

Days 2-4 – N’Djamena - Salal - Kalait

From N’Djamena, Chad’s capital city, we follow a track running into the alluvial plains of Lake Chad as far as Massaguet, where we begin to follow the track towards Moussoro, in the Kanem region. The landscape, between the savannah and the sahel, is criss-crossed by numerous temporary water-courses and flood plains and is characterized by varied and luxuriant vegetation, represented by several kinds of acacias and by small forests of doum palms. Ethnic groups found here are the Kanembou, Peul, Kanouri, Kereda and Daza.

The track follows and then skirts the depression of the Bahr el Ghazal, the gazelles’ river, an ancient river from the Paleochad period. After the small villages of Salal and Koubba Oulanga, we continue eastward; the ground and the landscape become completely sahelian, but are characterised by a very wild landscape rich in animals (gazelles, bustards, hyenas and jackals). The environment is almost devoid of settlements, except for a few huts of Arab nomads. The track, that follows the natural course of the Oued Achim, ends in Oum Chalouba village. Overnight camping. (BLD)

Days 5-8 – Archei Region and Aloba

We continue northward, along the main north/south track which joins Abeché, in Ouaddai region, to Fada village, in the Ennedi. We are now in a desert region, at the southern borders of the Ennedi, inhabited by Gaeda and Tama populations and by Zagawa, a shepherd group composed of 100,000 people moving throughout this region following the grazing lands towards Sudan and the east. Continuing northward, on the way to Fada, the imposing Ennedi massif starts to become visible. One hundred kilometres after Kalaït, by an isolated peak named Ouaguif, we leave the track and enter into the massif, following the wide Archei oued, bordered by a beautiful succession of rock formations, eroded into weird and wonderful shapes by the sand. Amongst the most beautiful are those of Terkei and Toukou, which we will see in detail.

The oued winds for about thirty kilometres, before ending ends in a wide rocky and verdant amphitheatre which marks the start of the true gorges leading to the guelta, a permanent water source where it is easy to meet the nomadic Tubu population with their herds of camels. The Archeï gorges, situated in a landscape of unforgettable beauty, are home to many ancient rock paintings, and to the last living specimen of saharan crocodiles (crocodilus niloticus). Overnight camping. (BLD)

The Ennedi Mountains
The Ennedi are made up of red sandstone mountains, and have been eroded into weird and wonderful shapes over millennia by the winds, with a wide variety of rock formations. The second largest natural arch in the world is to be found here, but the landscape is also made up of cliffs, gorges, mountains, columns and much more, often with vast sand dunes backed up against them. There is much wildlife present here, although you have to be lucky to see it – leopard and cheetah still stalk some parts, and monkeys, antelopes and various bird species can be found. Local folklore has it that the Ennedi is home to a large cat, known as the Ennedi tiger, although no proof has ever been found. The Guelta d’Archei is home to one of the last groups of Saharan crocodiles –there is another population in Mauritania – which are far smaller than other species. At present there are around eight living in the guelta but no young have been seen for some time, prompting speculation that the population is either entirely male or female.

The Tubu
The Tubu live in Chad and Niger, in some of the most inhospitable parts of the Sahara desert, and on this trip we will meet many Tubu villagers and nomads. With dark skin but almost European features, their origins are rather a mystery to researchers, with the current best guess being that they descend from a mixture of Berbers and Bantu Africans. The Tubu are made up of two main groups, the Teda of the Tibesti and the Daza further south, and within that are comprised of numerous clans. There are around 200,000 Tubu today. Up until relatively recently they had had little contact with outsiders and even now are rather wary of strangers – this particularly manifests itself in an aversion to photography and we ask that you follow your tour leader’s guidelines on this to avoid any problems.

Days 9-10 – Fada - Mourdi - Derbili

We reach the track joining Monou to Fada, and follow it northward as far as Fada, prefecture of the Ennedi and a characteristic saharan village with houses made of banco, clustered around the old French colonial fort and the small but busy market. The main ethnic groups of this region are the Gaeda, Bideyat and Zagawa. Once we’ve completed the bureaucratic formalities, which can sometimes take a long time, we start the crossing of the massif, and we will drive along a slow sandy and stony track that will lead us to the Mourdi, a wide region of dunes and isolated groups of mountains. We continue in a north/north-east direction, overcoming some difficult dunes, following the ancient caravan route that connected the salt-pits of the Ounianga region (Demi, Teguedei and Ounianga) to the southern Chadian villages and the northern Libyan oases. Overnight camping. (BLD)

Days 11-14 – Demi - Teguedei - Ounianga Lakes - Kora - Bichagara

We continue northward until we reach the Eyo Demi, a reddish sandy formation; at its foot rises a village, comprised of a few palms and houses made of sand. This settlement, situated amidst a wild and inhospitable landscape, lives off the trade in “red salt”, obtained by very rudimentary methods and then taken to the southern oases by the caravans, and, then exchanged for millet and sorghum. All along this track it is easy to meet one of these caravans. From Demi we turn to the west, to the Ounianga Serir, passing through Teguedei, a palm-grove inhabited seasonally for the date harvest, as the small silos made of sand and stones, show. In Teguedei we see the first lake of the Ounianga region, situated in a sandy basin surrounded by palms and multicoloured sandstone formations.

Skirting the Nabar falaise we reach the first lakes of the Ounianga Serir oasis. The landscape is incredible: lakes surrounded by palm-groves that spring up from the sand, rocky formations of multicoloured sandstone from white to red and golden dunes that descend to the water. This is some of the most spectacular scenery in the whole Sahara desert. The water is fresh and comes out from the sand but, because of the salty soil, the lakes are very salty and different colours, from blue to green, respectively more and less salty. We make excursions on foot along the sandy banks and the palm-groves with the opportunity of a bath in the lakes.

After leaving Ounianga Kebir we lead southward passing through an area of dunes where the going can sometimes be difficult. We travel through regions which saw fighting during the conflict with Chad, and it is possible to see old abandoned tanks and other military hardware scattered around the desert. We hope to camp tonight on the edge of the Ennedi, our final night in this majestic region. Overnight camping. (BLD)

Days 15-16 – Kalait - Arada - Abeche - Mongo

Leaving the Ennedi behind, we head first to Kalait where we spend time stocking up on a few essentials for the return journey. From Kalait we follow a different route, leaving the homelands of the Tubu and entering in a more populated area, encountering Arab nomads and settled villagers. On Day 14 we should reach Abeche, Chad’s fourth largest city and the only place of any real size that we encounter since leaving N’Djamena. We have now left the Sahara behind and are in a Sahelian landscape, with acacia trees and large herds of cattle. Overnight camping. (BLD)

Day 17 – N’Djamena

A long drive (400km) back to N’Djamena. On arrival back in N’Djamena transfer to the hotel if you are staying extra nights or to the airport for your onward flight. You will need to have a late evening flight out of N’Djamena today. (BL)

Kontakt os for priser og datoer eller et tilbud på en individuel rejse til Tchad
afrika@happylamatravel.com

Lamanyt

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